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Prof David Miller
MA (Cambridge), B Phil, D Phil (Oxford), FBA
Role : Senior Research Fellow and Professor of Political Theory
Job Title : Senior Research Fellow
Academic Group : Politics
College Group : Politics
University Department : Politics and International Relations, Philosophy
Research Interests : Political theory. Justice and equality, nationality and citizenship, territory, immigration.
Telephone : +44(0)1865 278569
Nuffield College
New Road
Oxford, OX1 1NF
United Kingdom


Biographical Sketch


I was initially trained in philosophy at Selwyn College, Cambridge and in politics at Balliol College, Oxford, and after spells teaching at the Universities of Lancaster and East Anglia, I was appointed to my Official Fellowship at Nuffield College in 1979.  I am affiliated to the University’s Department of Politics and International Relations, and to the Faculty of Philosophy, and between 2012-2014 I was on partial secondment to the Blavatnik School of Government to co-ordinate the Foundations component of the Master of Public Policy course.  I am currently a Senior Research Fellow at Nuffield, and a Visiting Professor of Law and Philosophy at Queen's University, Ontario, where I teach in the autumn terms.

What is perhaps most distinctive about my work is its use of evidence from the social sciences to inform debates in political philosophy.  My longest standing interest is in the idea of justice, originally social justice but now also global justice.  I have published three books about this: Social Justice (Clarendon Press, 1976), Principles of Social Justice (Harvard University Press, 1999) and most recently a collection of essays, Justice for Earthlings (Cambridge University Press, 2013).  During the 1980s I worked on the idea of market socialism and published a book defending that system, Market, State, and Community (Clarendon Press, 1989).   This led me to ask questions about the kind of political community within which policies of social justice could be pursued, leading to a sustained engagement with ideas of nationality and citizenship, including On Nationality (Clarendon Press, 1995) and Citizenship and National Identity (Polity Press, 2000).  In the last decade I have combined work on national issues with work on global issues, culminating in National Responsibility and Global Justice (2007).  Most recently I have worked on issues connected to immigration, and this year have published Strangers in Our Midst: the political philosophy of immigration with Harvard University Press.  For a full listing of my book and article publications, please click on my c.v. below.

I live in Oxford close to the college, and have three children now all in their 20s.  Apart from these, my greatest loves are classical music, walking in mountains or by the sea, and watching England win at rugby football.

Curriculum Vitae

Research Interests

I have wide interests in the field of political theory. Although in the past I have done some work in the history of political thought, my research is now focussed on issues in contemporary political theory and philosophy. These include: theories of justice and equality; democratic theory; the concepts of nationality and citizenship; multiculturalism and immigration; and global justice. My book National Responsibility and Global Justice was published in November 2007, and I am continuing to work on questions that arise from that book, in particular the relationship between social justice and global justice, and the question of how the boundaries of distributive justice are set.  I am also working on the question of territorial rights, and how nations can acquire such rights.  A further related interest is in the idea of collective responsibility, and in particular the allocation of responsibility in situations where there are multiple agents each capable of remedying some harm.    I intend in the future to do further work on social justice in multicultural societies, and to continue to engage critically with cosmopolitan conceptions of global justice and governance.

Current Research Projects:
Theories of Human Rights; The Political Philosophy of Immigration; Territorial Rights; Collective Responsibility.

Research Sudents

Joanna Firth

Marcus Haggrot

Johannes Kniess

Daniel Iley-Williams


Recent and Forthcoming Publications

(with Isaac Taylor) ‘Distributive Justice and Public Goods’ in S. Olsaretti (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Distributive Justice, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
'Immigration' in T. Brooks (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Global Justice, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
'Solidarity and its Sources' in K. Banting and W. Kymlicka (eds.), The Strains of Commitment, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
'Fair Trade: What does it Mean and Why does it Matter?', Journal of Moral Philosophy.
'In What Sense must Political Philosophy be Political?', Social Philosophy and Policy.
(with Patti Lenard) 'Trust and National Identity' in E. Uslaner (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Social and Political Trust, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
'Human Rights and Status Egalitarianism', Ethics and International Affairs.
'Strangers in our Midst: an overview' and 'Migration and Justice: a reply to my critics', Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.
Strangers in Our Midst: the political philosophy of immigration, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. 
‘Is there a Human Right to Immigrate?’ in S. Fine and L. Ypi (eds.), Migration in Political Theory: The Ethics of Movement and Membership, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
'Majorities and Minarets: Religious Freedom and Public Space', British Journal of Political Science, 46, 437-56.
'How “Realistic” should Global Political Theory be?  Some reflections on the debate so far’, Journal of International Political Theory, 12, 217-33. 
'Boundaries, Democracy, and Territory’, American Journal of Jurisprudence, 61, 33-49.
'Democracy, Exile and Revocation: a reply to Patti Lenard’, Ethics and International Affairs, 30, 265-70.
'How to Think about Immigration: control, protection, discretion and democracy', Juncture, 23, 40-45.
'Neo-Kantian Theories of Self-Determination: A Critique', Review of International Studies, 42, 858-75.
(with Margaret Moore) 'Territorial Rights' in D. Held and P. Maffetone (eds.), Global Political Theory, Cambridge, Polity Press.
(edited with an Introduction), Moral Philosophy and Politics, 1 (2), Special Issue on Fair Trade.
Foreword to C. Fourie, F. Schuppert and I. Walliman-Helmer, Social Equality: On what it Means to be Equals, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
‘Joseph Raz on Human Rights: a critical appraisal’ in R. Cruft, M. Liao and M. Renzo (eds.), Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
'Das Carensproblem', Political Theory, 43, 387-93.
'Justice in Immigration', European Journal of Political Theory, 14, 391-408.
'Is there a Human Right to Democracy?' in R. Kreide, R. Celikates and T. Wesche (eds.), Transformations of Democracy: Crisis, Protest and Legitimation, Lanham, MD.,Rowman and Littlefield.
'Democracy in Europe: a plea for pluralism' in P. Van Parijs and L Van Middelaar eds.), After the Storm. Can European Democracy be Saved?, Tielt, Lannoo.
‘Are Human Rights Conditional?’ and ‘Human Rights and Global Justice: A Response’ in T. Sakurai and M. Usami (eds.), Human Rights and Global Justice: The 10th Kobe Lectures, July 2011, Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag.
‘Debatable Lands’, International Theory, 6, 104-21.
(with Sundas Ali) ‘Testing the National Identity Argument’, European Political Science Review, 6, 237-59.
‘Political Theory, Philosophy, and the Social Sciences: Five Chichele Professors’ in C. Hood, D. King and G. Peele (eds.), Forging a Discipline: A Critical Assessment of Oxford’s Development of Politics and IR in Comparative Perspective, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
'Comments on Bernard Yack, Nationalism and the Moral Psychology of Community', Nations and Nationalism, 20, 402-7.
‘Our Unfinished Debate about Market Socialism’, Politics, Philosophy and Economics, 13, 119-39.
'Personhood versus Human Needs as Grounds for Human Rights’ in R. Crisp (ed.), Griffin on Human Rights, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
'The Incoherence of Luck Egalitarianism' in A.Kaufman (ed.), Distributive Justice and Access to Advantage: G. A. Cohen's Egalitarianism, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Justice for Earthlings: essays in political philosophy, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
‘The Idea of Global Citizenship’ in S. Ben-Porath and R. Smith (ed.), Varieties of Sovereignty and Citizenship, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press.
‘Lea Ypi on Global Justice and Avant-Garde Political Agency: some reflections’, Ethics and Global Politics, 6, 93-99. 
‘Border Regimes and Human Rights’, Law and Ethics of Human Rights, 7(1), 1-23.
‘Toleration, Self-Determination and the State’ in Y. Benbaji and N. Sussman (eds.), Reading Walzer, London, Routledge.
‘Territorial Rights: Concept and Justification’, Political Studies, 60, 252-68.
‘Grounding Human Rights’, Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 15, 407-27.
‘Justice and Borders’ in F. D’Agostino and J. Gaus (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Political and Social Philosophy, London, Routledge.
‘Was bedeutet "Fair Trade" und warum ist er wichtig?’ in R. Kreide, C. Landwehr and K. Toens (eds.), Demokratie und Gerechtigkeit in Verteilungskonflikten, Baden-Baden, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft.
‘Collective Responsibility and Global Poverty’, Ethical Perspectives, 19, 627-48.
‘Die Idee globaler Demokratie: Eine Kritik’, Studia Philosophica: Jahrbuch der Schweizerischen Philosophischen Gesellschaft, 71, 63-81.
‘Taking Up the Slack? responsibility and justice in situations of partial compliance’ in C. Knight and Z. Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
‘Property and Territory: Locke, Kant, and Steiner’, Journal of Political Philosophy, 19, 90-109.
‘Will Kymlicka on Multicultural Citizenship in Multination States: a Response’, Ethnicities, 11, 303-7.
‘A Reply to Five Critics’, Theoria, 129, 95-106.
‘David Owen on Global Justice, National Responsibility and Transnational Power: a reply’, Review of International Studies, 37, 2029-34.
‘On Nationality and Global Equality: A reply to Holtug’, Ethics and Global Politics, 4, 165-71.
‘Why Immigration Controls are not Coercive: a reply to Arash Abizadeh’, Political Theory, 8, 111-120.
‘Against Global Democracy’ in K. Breen and S. O’Neill (eds), After the Nation: Critical Reflections on Post-Nationalism, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.
‘In Defence of Weighting: a reply to Robert van der Veen’, Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 13, 561-66.
‘Response to Thomas Pogge’ in C. Miller (ed.), ‘War on Terror’: The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2006, Manchester, Manchester University Press.
‘Equality of Opportunity and the Family’ in R. Reich and D. Satz (eds.), Toward a Humanist Justice: The Work of Susan Moller Okin, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
‘Justice and Boundaries’, Politics, Philosophy and Economics, 38, 291-309.
‘The Responsibility to Protect Human Rights’ in L. Meyer (ed.) Legitimacy, Justice and Public International Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
‘Global Justice and Climate Change: how should responsibilities be distributed?  Parts I and II’, Tanner Lectures on Human Values, 28, 119-56.
‘Democracy’s Domain’, Philosophy and Public Affairs, 37, 201-228.
‘Social Justice versus Global Justice?’ in O. Cramme and P. Diamond (eds.), Social Justice in the Global Age, Cambridge, Polity Press.
‘Diritti Territoriali: Concetto e Giustificazione’, Ragion Practica, 33, 437-458.
‘“A Spoonful of Sugar Helps the Medicine Go Down”: Gillian Brock on Global Justice’, Journal of Global Ethics, 5, 253-260.
‘Immigrants, Nations and Citizenship’, Journal of Political Philosophy, 16, 371-90.
‘Political Philosophy for Earthlings’ in D. Leopold and M. Stears (eds.), Political Theory: Methods and Approaches, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
‘National Responsibility and Global Justice’ and ‘A Response’, symposium in Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 11, 383-99 and 553-67.
‘Republican Citizenship, Nationality and Europe’ in C. Laborde and J. Maynor (eds.), Republicanism and Political Theory, Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell.
‘Irregular Migrants: An Alternative Perspective’, Ethics and International Affairs, 22, 193-7.
National Responsibility and Global Justice, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
(ed.) Michael Walzer: Thinking Politically, New Haven, Yale University Press.
(ed.) The Liberty Reader, Boulder, Co., Paradigm Publishers/Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press.
‘Diritti umani, bisogni fondamentali e scarsità’, Ragion Pratica, 29, 433-48.
‘Wer ist für globale Armut verantwortlich?’, in: B. Bleisch and P. Schaber (eds.), Weltarmut und Ethik, Paderborn, Mentis.

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