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Prof Stephen Broadberry
Job Title : Professorial Fellow
College Group : Economics
Research Interests : Economic history: long run economic growth and development; historical national accounting; macroeconomic history; wars and economic performance
Work phone : +44(0) 1865 288688
Nuffield College
New Road
Oxford, OX1 1NF
United Kingdom

 

Biographical Sketch

 

Stephen Broadberry is a Professorial fellow and a Professor of Economic History, Oxford University. He is also a Research Theme Leader at CAGE, University of Warwick and Director of the Economic History Programme at CEPR. He has also taught at the London School of Economics and the Universities of Warwick and Cardiff and held visiting positions at University of British Columbia, University of California, Berkeley, Humboldt University, Berlin, UPF Barcelona and Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo. 

His research interests include (1) the development of the world economy from 1000 AD to the present, using a historical national accounting approach to shed light on the Great Divergence of productivity and living standards between Europe and Asia (2) sectoral aspects of comparative growth and productivity performance during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with an emphasis on the role of services (3) wars and economic performance.

He has been Editor of the Economic History Review, and also Editor of the European Review of Economic History. He is currently President of the Economic History Society and has been President of the European Historical Economics Society and a Trustee of a number of other economic history organisations, including the Asian Historical Economics Society, the Cliometric Society, the Economic History Association and the International Economic History Association. He was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 2016.

His books include The British Economy Between the Wars: A Macroeconomic Survey (Blackwell, 1986); The Productivity Race, 1850-1990: British Manufacturing in International Perspective, 1850-1990 (CUP, 1997); Market Services and the Productivity Race, 1850-2000: British Performance in International Perspective (CUP, 2006), the 2-volume Cambridge Economic History of Europe, edited with Kevin O’Rourke (CUP, 2010) and British Economic Growth, 1270-1870, co-authored with Bruce Campbell, Alexander Klein, Mark Overton and Bas van Leeuwen (CUP, 2015).​

Downloadable Research Papers and Data

Book Publications

British Economic Growth, 1270-1870, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2015) (with Bruce Campbell, Alexander Klein, Mark Overton and Bas van Leeuwen).
 
The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe, (2 volumes), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2010), (edited with Kevin O'Rourke).
 
Market Services and the Productivity Race, 1850-2000: Britain in International Perspective, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2006, pp.409 + xix).
 
The Economics of World War I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2005), pp.345 + xvi, (edited with Harrison, M.).
 
The Productivity Race: British Manufacturing in International Perspective, 1850-1990, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1997), pp.451 + xxv. Also available in Chinese translation, China Economics Publishing House (2001).
 
Britain in the International Economy 1870-1939, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (1992), pp.426+xiv, (edited with Crafts, N.F.R.).
 
The British Economy Between the Wars: A Macroeconomic Survey, Oxford: Blackwell (1986), pp.180+vii.

Selected Journal Articles

“​Anonymity, Efficiency Wages and Technological Progress, Journal of Development Economics, (forthcoming), (with Sayantan Ghosal and Eugenio Proto).

“​Economic Development in Africa and Europe: Reciprocal Comparisons", Revista de Historia Economica, 34 (2016), 11-37 (with Leigh Gardener).

“​Seven Centuries of European Economic Growth and Decline”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, (forthcoming) (with Roger Fouquet).  

“India and the Great Divergence: An Anglo-Indian Comparison of GDP per capita, 1600-1871”, Explorations in Economic History, 56 (2015), 58-75, (with Johann Custodis and Bishnupriya Gupta).
 
“Introduction: The Renaissance of African Economic History”, Economic History Review, 67 (2014), 893-906, (with Gareth Austin).
 
“When Did Britain Industrialise? The Sectoral Distribution of the Labour Force and Labour Productivity in Britain, 1381-1851”, Explorations in Economic History, 50 (2013), 16-27 (with Bruce Campbell and Bas van Leeuwen).
 
“Asia in the Great Divergence: Editors’ Introduction”, Economic History Review, 64 (2011), 1-7 (with Steve Hindle).
 
“When and Why did Eastern European Economies begin to Fail?: Lessons from a Czechoslovak/UK Productivity Comparison, 1921-1991”, Explorations in Economic History, 48 (2011), 37-52 (with Alexander Klein).
 
“Real Wages and Labour Productivity in Britain and Germany, 1871-1938: A Unified Approach to the International Comparison of Living Standards”, Journal of Economic History, 70 (2010), 400-427 (with Carsten Burhop).
 
“The Historical Roots of India’s Service-Led Development: A Sectoral Analysis of Anglo-Indian Productivity Differences, 1870-2000”, Explorations in Economic History, 47 (2010), 264-278 (with Bishnupriya Gupta).
 
“Lancashire, India and Shifting Competitive Advantage in Cotton Textiles, 1700-1850: The Neglected Role of Factor Prices”, Economic History Review, 62 (2009), 279-305 (with Bishnupriya Gupta).
 
“Resolving the Anglo-German Industrial Productivity Puzzle, 1895-1935: A Response to Professor Ritschl”, Journal of Economic History, 68 (2008), 930-934 (with Carsten Burhop).
 
“Comparative Productivity in British and German Manufacturing before World War II: Reconciling Direct Benchmark Estimates and Time Series Projections”, Journal of Economic History, 67 (2007), 315-349 (with Carsten Burhop).
 
“Labor Productivity in the United States and the United Kingdom During the Nineteenth Century”, Explorations in Economic History, 43 (2006), 257-279, (with Douglas Irwin).
 
“The Early Modern Great Divergence: Wages, Prices and Economic Development in Europe and Asia, 1500-1800”, Economic History Review, 59 (2006), 2-31, (with Bishnupriya Gupta).
 
“Explaining Anglo-German Productivity Differences in Services Since 1870”, European Review of Economic History, 8 (2004): 229-262. Awarded the Laureano Figuerola Prize for the best article published in the European Review of Economic History in the preceding two years.
 
“UK Productivity Performance from 1950 to 1979: A Restatement of the Broadberry-Crafts View”, Economic History Review, 56 (2003): 718-735, (with Crafts, N.F.R.).
 
“Relative per capita Income Levels in the United Kingdom and the United States since 1870: Reconciling Time Series Projections and Direct Benchmark Estimates”, Journal of Economic History, 63 (2003): 852-863.
 
“From the Counting House to the Modern Office: Explaining Anglo-American Productivity Differences in Services, 1870-1990”, Journal of Economic History, 62 (2002): 967-998, (with Ghosal, S.)
 
“External Economies of Scale in the Lancashire Cotton Industry, 1900-1939”, Economic History Review, 55 (2002): 51-77, (with Marrison, A.)
 
“How did the United States and Germany Overtake Britain? A Sectoral Analysis of Comparative Productivity Levels, 1870-1990”, Journal of Economic History, 58 (1998): 375-407.
 
“Comparative Productivity in British and American Manufacturing During the Nineteenth Century”, Explorations in Economic History, 31 (1994): 521-548.
 
“Technological Leadership and Productivity Leadership in Manufacturing Since the Industrial Revolution: Implications for the Convergence Debate”, Economic Journal, 104 (1994): 291-302.
 
“Manufacturing and the Convergence Hypothesis: What the Long Run Data Show”, Journal of Economic History, 53 (1993): 772-795.
 
“Britain's Productivity Gap in the 1930s: Some Neglected Factors”, Journal of Economic History, 52 (1992): 531-558, (with Crafts, N.F.R.).
 
“Aggregate Supply in Interwar Britain”, Economic Journal, 96 (1986): 467-481.

Teaching Section

Economic History 1: The Great Divergence
Weeks 1-4: Stephen Broadberry
Weeks 5-8: Brian A'Hearn
 
EH1: Course Information, Stephen Broadberry
 
Summary
This part of the course aims to provide an overview of the Great Divergence of productivity and living standards between Europe and Asia. Emphasis is placed on the need to establish firmly the historical “facts” that are to be explained as well as on providing a satisfactory economic explanation.
 
Topics
1. Economic Growth, 1000-1870
2. Wages, Prices and the Great Divergence
3. Cotton Textiles and the Great Divergence
4. Accounting for the Great Divergence
 
Selected readings
A full reading list is available as an accompanying document. Selected illustrative readings are as follows:
 
Broadberry, S., Campbell, B., Klein, A., Overton, M. and van Leeuwen, B. (2015), British Economic Growth, 1270-1870, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 
Broadberry, S.N. and Gupta, B. (2006), “The Early Modern Great Divergence: Wages, Prices and Economic Development in Europe and Asia, 1500-1800”, Economic History Review, 59, 2-31.
 
Broadberry, S. and Gupta, B. (2009), “Lancashire, India and Shifting Competitive Advantage in Cotton Textiles, 1700-1850: The Neglected Role of Factor Prices”, Economic History Review, 62, 279-305.
 
 

EH1: Reading List

EH1: Student Presentations

 
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