Welcome to Nuffield College Library Archives. The Library holds several collections of unpublished papers, many relating to individuals or projects associated with Nuffield College. Highlights include the extensive collections on Lord Nuffield and Lord Cherwell. To find out more please see our introduction to the archive collections and our webpage of handlists, shelflists and indexes for quick reference to our materials.
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African trade unions (1949-1969)
A miscellaneous collection of documentation relating to and about trade unions in various African nations, 1949 to 1969. The documents vary from constitutions to publications, press cuttings to legislation and manifestos to speeches. Most of the documents are in English, but some are in French. The countries covered include Kenya, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Uganda, Gambia, Angola, Botswana, Swaziland and Sierre Leone. The main trade unions include the Railway African Union (Kenya), All African Trade Union Federation, Confedération Syndicale Africaine, Ghana T.U.C., Nigerian T.U.C. and Union Nationale des Travailleurs Sénégalais (Senegal).
Anglo-Italian relations (1924-1929) (in small collection)
These papers are a small collection of public documents regarding Anglo-Italian relations between 1924 and 1929. They are photocopies of the original documents, done by the Public Records Office.
Ashleigh, C. (1965) (in small collection)
This is a transcript of an interview with the poet and activist Charles Ashleigh by Patrick Renshaw, giving an account of his work with the Industrial Workers of the World and his trial for conspiracy against the US government in 1917/18.
Attwood, T. (1783-1856) (in small collection)
These papers consist of photocopies of various speeches and letters by Thomas Attwood, politician and currency theorist, between 1812 and 1840.
Ball, W. (1873-1962) (in small collection)
Willet Ball was sub-editor of the Railway Review and stood as the Labour candidate for the Luton division of Bedfordshire in December 1918 and December 1923. These papers are split into 4 sections; correspondence, election propaganda, material concerning the railways and a miscellaneous items folder, and covers the years 1895 until 1923.
Barlow Commission see Royal Commission on Geographical Distribution of the Industrial Population (in small collection)
Bedford, J.P. see Guild Socialism
Bedford, J.R. Weaver riots (1765) (in small collection)
These papers are a small collection of xerox copies of letters from the Duke of Bedford and other persons relating to the military arrangements made in connection with the Weavers Riots, about Bedford House, the House of Lords, Spitalfields etc.
Beveridge, W.H. (1879-1963) (in small collection)
These papers are a small collection of documents from William Beveridge’s visit to America in 1933 and from the International Labour Organization consultation in Montreal in July 1943.
Cherwell, Lord (1886-1957)
A large and varied collection of personal and public papers, divided into 10 sections: Sections A and K of the collection deal mainly with Cherwell's personal and social life. Section B is primarily concerned with Cherwell at Oxford, as Head of the Clarendon Laboratory, while Sections C and D, together with parts of Section E, relate to Cherwell as a scientist. Sections F, G and H document his career and role as Churchill's scientific adviser during the Second World War. Sections J and K cover politics and the Conservative Party, 1921-1955, and personal & social correspondence respectively.
Chester, D.N. (1907-1986)
The main collection is contained in 325 boxes, arranged in eight sections with sub-divisions, with two boxes of additional material: A. Biographical section, B. General correspondence section, C. Oxford University section, D. Nuffield College section, E. Academic bodies section, F. Other bodies section, G. Publications section, H.Additional material. A vast collection of material relating to all areas of his long and varied career; from his wartime service with the Economic Section of the WarCabinet and his secretaryship of the Interdepartmental Committee on Social Insurance and Allied Services which produced the Beveridge Report to his time as Warden of Nuffield College and his many publications.
Clarion Fellowship (in small collection)
The material held in this collection are minute books and miscellaneous correspondence relating to the London Clarion Fellowship and National Clarion Fellowship.
Clay, H. (1883-1954)
Clay was an Economist, academic and Warden of Nuffield College between 1944-1949. He played an integral role in founding the National Institute of Economic and Social Research and eventually became its President between 1949-1952.
This collection is split into two sections; the first section is a large collection of notes, lectures, publications, articles and correspondence, and the second section consists of mostly industrial reports and wartime papers from various committees Clay served on/advised, including ‘Lord Stamp’s Committee on the Survey of War Plans in the Economic and Financial Spheres’ and the Interdepartmental Committees of Economic Policy and Food Prices.
Cobbett was a radical political journalist and a passionate farmer. He was also a strong advocate of parliamentary reform, which eventually led to the 1832 Reform Act after which time Cobbett was elected to Parliament, and a prolific correspondent and litigant. This is all reflected in the contents of the collection, along with his many publications, such as the 'Political Register', 'Two-Penny Trash', 'Rural Rides' and 'Grammar of the English Language'.
Cohen Commission see Royal Commission on the Taxation of Profits and Income
Cole, G.D.H (1889-1959)
114 boxes, 1 folder and 8 drawers of material
Cole was a leading theorist of that form of industrial democracy known as guild socialism and was subsequently prominent in the short-lived guild socialism movement. He was also active as an influential academic, leading Fabian and guiding light of several left-wing groups. Above all, he was a political thinker whose work was highly respected and significant. The collection contains many of his works (including operettas and speeches), correspondence, material on his political activities and involvement in educational movements and governmental committees. There are also bibliographies of his work and those he collected.
Cole, M. (1893-1980)
Margaret Cole was an important and distinguished figure in her own right. She was a prolific writer and her works encompassed biography, labour history and (with her husband) detective fiction. In addition, she was an influential figure in education and a prominent Fabian for over half a century. The arrangement of the Margaret Cole paper's reflects the different sides to her life, one of which was her work for the Man-Power Survey in 1940. At the end of the main collection is a supplement collection of material which was donated to the Library later and contains mainly correspondence between Margaret and her children from 1939 onwards.
Committee of Inquiry into Local Government Finance (Layfield Committee) (1974-1976)
There is currently no handlist for this collection.
The collection comprises all the papers that were circulated to the Commission members throughout the three years it was in being. They are all numbered and, where appropriate, in sequence. There are about five different type of document including background material, minutes of meetings, drafts of the Report, minutes of oral evidence etc.
Committee of Inquiry into Railway Pay (Guillebaud Committee) (1960)
There is currently no handlist for this collection.
Crichel Down Inquiry (1937-1953) (in small collection)
These papers are a small collection of correspondence relating to the Crichel Down Inquiry from 25th November 1937 to 10th November 1953.
Dalton, H. (1887-1962) (in small collection)
These papers are a small collection of Hugh Dalton’s correspondence between 1939 and 1944, many relating to the Special Operations Executive and political warfare.
Davies, D. (1742-1819) (in small collection)
These papers are a small collection of David Davies's primary research into his important work on social history, 'The case of labourers in husbandry stated and considered’, published in 1795. He was a welsh clergyman in the Church of England, becoming Rector of Barkham on 27 May 1782.
Donovan Commission see Royal Commission on Trade Unions and Employers' Associations
Edgeworth, F.Y. (1845-1926)
Francis Ysidro Edgeworth was an economist and statistican who made major contributions to both economic and statistical theory. He was a prolific writer, with a total of more than 500 books, articles, essays, and book reviews, including 'Mathematical physics' and 'Papers relating to political economy'. The collection has sections on journalism (1882-1934), correspondence & testimonials (1869-1926) and his papers and monographs (1886-1926), along with the Big Book.
Edwards, J. (1864-1946) (in small collection)
These papers are a small collection of Edwards’ correspondence with Fabian Society members, of which he was a member after the Socialist Society was joined with the Fabian Society in the late 1800’s.
Emmott, Lord (1858-1926)
Alfred, Baron Emmott, was a politician and cotton manufacturer who was an MP, served as Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, directed the War Trade Department, chaired a commission looking into the desirability of decimal coinage and was Chairman of the Foreign Office Committee collecting information on conditions in Russia, among other roles. Unfortunately, only a very small, miscellaneous collection of Emmott’s papers have survived and because of this a very simple arrangement of the paper has been adopted: the papers have been put into a single chronological series. There is one exception from this, Emmott 8 which contains papers relating to the Foreign Office Committee to collect information on Russia. This exception was made because the file was clearly as originally arranged. The collection of papers relating to the Congo Reform Association have been dispersed into the main series mainly because there was no evidence to show that this collection had been made by Emmott himself.
Estcourt, R. (1884-1934) (in small collection)
This small collection consists of two typed manuscripts written by Dr. Rowland Estcourt, an early member of the Fabian Society. The manuscripts are believed to have been early competitors for some American university awards, including the Francis Bacon award for the humanizing of knowledge which the second manuscript is believed to have won.
Feinstein, C.H. (1932-2004)
Professor Feinstein’s great academic achievement was to calculate the size and structure of the British economy from the time of the Industrial Revolution to the present day. The results of this project were published in 1972 as 'National Income, Expenditure and Output of the United Kingdom, 1855-1965'. The papers relating to this work are included in section A of the archive. Also covered in this collection are papers relating to Feinstein’s specialist work 'Studies in capital formation in the United Kingdom, 1750-1920', a collaborative work edited by himself and Sidney Pollard. The papers, entitled ‘Gross domestic fixed capital formation’, are found in section B.
Filmer Farm (1722-1776) (in small collection)
This small collection consists of four folders of xerox copies of the Filmer family farm account books, 1722-1776, made from the original documents in Kent Archives Office.
Franks Commission see University of Oxford Commission of Inquiry (in small collection)
Gainford, Lord (1860-1943)
This collection covers the papers of Lord Gainford (1860-1943), including 6 members of the Gainford family: Sir Joseph Whitwell Pease, 1st Bt. (1828-1903), his wife Mary (1835-1892), Joseph Albert Pease, 1st Baron Gainford (1860-1943), his wife Ethel (Elsie) (1867-1941), Miriam Blanche Pease (1887-1965) and Joseph Pease, 2nd Baron Gainford (1889-1971). The collection contains correspondence, papers and publications about the family businesses, the economy, local and national politics and the two world wars, giving a valuable insight into social history from the mid-19th to mid-20th centuries.
General Strike and Oxford (1926) (in small collection)
1 box and 3 folders
This small collection contains material about how Oxford students, workers etc., and the wider population, took part in and were affected by the General Strike of 3-13 May 1926. It contains leaflets, articles, bulletins and newspaper cuttings.
Grotrian election expenses (1873-1874) (in small collection)
These papers are a small collection of original manuscripts of election expenses, parliamentary and local for Hull, Leeds, Manchester and Salford for 1873 to 1874.
Guild Socialism (c.1915-1926)
These papers are a collection of records of the Guild Socialist movement from 1915 to the mid 1920s. They include National Guild League minute books, propaganda publications, material from overseas (including America, Australia, India and Japan), special interest groups (including agriculture, women and the Douglas credit scheme) and League conference material.
Guillebauld Committee see Committee of Inquiry into Railway Pay
There is currently no handlist for this collection.
Henderson, H.D. (1890-1952)
The collection of Hubert Douglas Henderson contains material on the Economic Advisory Council, the War Cabinet (including Committee on Reconstruction Problems), finance (including Bretton Woods), population statistics, International Economic Policy Study Group papers, Keynes, the Stamp Survey and various articles, lecture and correspondence by Henderson.
Howell, G. (1833-1910) (in small collection)
25 reels of microfilm
George Howell took part in almost every phase of working class activity, from the decline of Chartism to the rise of the Labour Party. Among the positions he held were Secretary of the Reform League, Secretary of the Trades Union Congress and the first Secretary of its Parliamentary Committee. He was also one of the first working class members of Parliament, when he won as a Lib-Lab candidate in Bethnal Green in 1885. One of his greatest achievements in Parliament was in helping the passage of the Merchant Shipping Bill that improved the working condition of merchant seamen. The collection, on microfilm, includes his autobiography, Reform League papers, TUC parliamentary papers, Plimsoll papers, diaries, letter books and industrial notes dated between 1864 and 1910.
Jones, E.C. (1819-1869) (in small collection)
Ernest Jones was a prominent figure in the Chartist movement. He wrote numerous poems and novels, including the Battle Day, the Revolt of Hindostan, the Maid of Warsaw, Woman’s Wrongs and the Painter of Florence. This collection consists of correspondence and newspaper cuttings about Jones from 1851 to 1930.
Layfield Committee see Committee of Inquiry into Local Government Finance
There is currently no handlist for this collection.
Lennard, R.V. (1885-1967) (in small collection)
The material in the Reginald Vivian Lennard collection covers the Royal Commission on Agriculture (1919), Oxfordshire Agricultural Wages Committee (1951–1960) and miscellaneous items and correspondence from 1892-1938.
Lindemann, F.A. see Lord Cherwell
Little, I.M.D. (1918-2012) (in small collection)
These papers are a small collection of material relating to Little’s involvement with the British Airports Authority between 1967 and 1973.
Llewelyn Davies, T. (1870-1905) (in small collection)
These papers are a small collection of notes on the Trade Union Congress of September 1890.
Loveday, A. (1888-1962)
51 boxes, 5 rolls and 2 card files
Alexander Loveday's collection is a mixture of personal and professional material, ranging from family photographs and correspondence to diaries and documents covering his time at the League of Nations and Warden at Nuffield College.
Mainwaring, W.H. (1884-1971)
Maud Commission see Royal Commission on Local Government in England
Mitchell, A.V. (1934-) (in small collection)
These papers relate to the Parliamentary Election for the Borough of Great Grimsby held on 9 June 1983. The material contains copies of the affidavits and other court papers relating to Austin Mitchell’s election return. The collection is closed indefinitely.
Morris, W.R. see Nuffield, Lord
Morrison, H. (1888-1965)
A collection of press cuttings (1951-1964), photographs, cartoons, personal and political papers, correspondence, book reviews (1973-1975) and early drafts of his autobiography.
Mottistone, Lord (1868-1947)
The papers of John Edward Bernard Seely, Lord Mottistone, have been divided into six main classes: general correspondence, political papers, official papers, military papers, literary papers and press cuttings. They cover his very varied career; from his time at the War Office, as a soldier during the First World War, in the House of Lords and to Chairman of the National Savings Committee.
National Agricultural Labourer's Union (1872-1949) (in small collection)
The National Agricultural Labourers Union (NALU) was founded by Joseph Arch, a Methodist preacher and British labour leader, in 1872 and he served as its president until it was dissolved in 1896. This collection includes records, minute book, photographs and a banner.
Nuffield, Lord (1887-1963)
The archive collection for William Morris, Lord Nuffield, is not a systematically kept record of his life and work, but rather an accumulation of items of disparate origins. There are business and personal papers, photographs, tickets from cruises and much correspondence; clearly documenting his life as a great industrialist and philanthropist. His donations book in particular illustrates just how much he gave away, to a variety of good causes.
Nuffield College Papers (c.1940-present)
Nuffield College history (1951-2003)
This is a collection of papers relating to the history of Nuffield College collected by David Butler and handed to the Library in August 2007. It includes interviews, conference talks and statistics and information on fellows and students.
Nuffield College Private Conferences (1941-1955)
The Nuffield College Social Reconstruction Survey conducted an enquiry into the effects of the Second World War on the location of industry and the distribution of the population. G.D.H. Cole, the Chairman of the Survey Committee, soon concluded that the formation of any practical plans for the post-war period would involve a great deal of presumption about the future political and sociological situation. Cole argued that it would be beneficial to bring together people from diverse political and professional backgrounds to attempt to build a consensus on strategies for social reconstruction. He therefore instigated a number of Private Conferences to create a forum for the free exchange of views without fear of media or public scrutiny. As well as papers relating to the Private Conferences, this collection includes the papers of some of the Local Investigators Conferences, plus the papers of a few conferences held by the College in conjunction with other institutions.
Nuffield College Social Reconstruction Survey (1941-1955)
The Nuffield College Social Reconstruction Survey began in February 1941, before the College had buildings of its own, and was an attempt to foster the co-operation of scholars and the nation’s business and political leaders. Prompted by G.D.H. Cole, the Nuffield College Committee not only approved an initial research programme but set up a Social Reconstruction Committee to supervise it. Under Cole's urgent direction, the Survey expanded its research activities from the initial inquiry on the location of industry and the distribution of population, during and after the war, to education, local government and social services. The Survey collaborated with the Oxford Institute of Statistics and the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House), and assisted the Beveridge Inquiry. The arrangement of the papers reflects the original administrative structure of the Survey.
This is a collection of some of the publications which were written as part/a result of the Nuffield College Social Reconstruction Survey. The Nuffield College Social Reconstruction Survey began in February 1941 and was an attempt to foster the co-operation of scholars and the nation’s business and political leaders.
Nuffield Trust for the Special Areas (1936-1962)
This collection consists of the main records of the Nuffield Trust for the Special Areas which were transferred to the Library in November 1963 from the Managers of the Trust, Deloitte, Plender, Griffiths & Co. following its winding up. The records include legal agreements and correspondence between the Trust and the companies it helped and some of those companies’ accounts. The Trust was established by Lord Nuffield on 31 December 1936 with a deed which endowed it with £2,000,000 and named the first trustees as Nigel Leslie Campbell, Benjamin Seebohm Rowntree and Wyndham Raymond, Baron Portal. The Fund’s purpose was to assist “in the solution of one of the most difficult problems at present before His Majesty’s Government namely the economic rehabilitation of the special areas”, (Booklet, The Nuffield Trust for the Special Areas, 1936-1961, Lord Nuffield papers, 12/10). These areas were in South Wales, West Cumberland, the North-East Coast and Clydeside.
Oral History Project (1961-1962)
17 hanging files
Early in 1961, Nuffield College authorised an exploration of the possibilities of collecting Oral History records on the lines of the Columbia Oral History Project. Eight individuals were interviewed in the twelve months of the project; Anthony Wedgewood Benn, Caroline Wedgewood Benn, Sir Herbert Hutchinson, Dr Sheila Jones, Saul Rose, G.R. Strauss, Sir Douglas Veale and Kenneth Younger. This collection consists of the transcripts of those interviews.
Owen, R.D. (1771-1858) (in small collection)
In this small archive collection of Robert Owen, social reformer and emancipationist, there are a few manuscript letters, some typescript balance sheets from the mill at New Lanark and some notes (dated 1833) and tokens for exchange stores issued by the Birmingham Branch of the National Equitable Labour Exchange. A run of ‘The new moral world’ is available for the years 1834-40, and followers of Owen represented in the collection include William Pare, Alexander Campbell, Edward Thomas Craig, John Finch, William King (not King of Brighton) and John Minter Morgan. Nuffield College Library also has quite a collection of printed writings by and about Robert Owen, of which there is a list at the end of the handlist of this collection.
Pease, J.A. see Gainford, Lord
Rennell, F.J. (1895-1978)
This is a collection of the papers of Sir Francis James Rennell Rodd, K.C.B., 2nd Baron Rennell of Rodd (1895-1978), concerning British military administration of occupied territories in Africa, 1941-1946.
Retail Distributor's Association (in small collection)
This is a collection of papers from the ‘Report on departmental trading and operating costs and results of department stores’ (also known as Annual statistical reports) for 1949, and 1961-1978.
Rousseau, J-J. (1712-1778) (in small collection)
This small collection holds one manuscript sheet believed to be written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau in 1749.
(Barlow Commission) (in small collection)
This small collection holds papers from the Royal Commission on Geographical Distribution of Industrial Population which took place between 1937 and 1940.
Royal Commission on Local Government in England (1966-1969)
The collection of the Royal Commission on Local Government in England, which was chaired by Sir John Maud, the Rt. Hon. Lord Redcliffe-Maud and appointed on 7 June 1966, comprises all the papers that were circulated to the Commission members throughout the three years it was in being. They are all numbered and, where appropriate, in sequence. There are about five different type of document including background material, minutes of meetings, drafts of the Report, minutes of oral evidence etc. The contents have been checked and found to be incomplete, but the handlist gives an indication of a missing paper by an ‘x’ next to its entry.
This collection consists of documents submitted to the Royal Commission on the Taxation of Profits and Income by outside witnesses which would have been printed and made public if the usual course of publishing a full volume of documents and memoranda had been followed. The final report of the Royal Commission was published on 7th June 1955.
This collection consists of the evidence which was presented to the Donovan Commission from various groups and bodies, including government departments, trade unions, employers’ associations and individuals.
The collection contains material relating to the 1999 Royal Commission on the Reform of the House of Lords (“A house for the future”, Cm.4534).
Seely, J.E.B. see Mottistone, Lord
Shannon, H.A. (1800-1844) (in small collection)
This is a small collection of banking material collated and donated to Nuffield College Library by Professor H.A. Shannon. Professor Shannon worked at the London School of Economics and University of Bristol, followed by some years on the staff at the International Monetary Fund.
Shedden, R. (1775-1856) (in small collection)
Robert Shedden’s family was a junior branch of the Scottish family, Shedden of Roughwood. In 1822 he was Deputy Lieutenant and Sheriff of Hampshire. There is only one box of papers and they throw very little additional light on his life in general. One set of papers result from his period as Deputy Lieutenant and Sheriff and specifically concern the rural agitation in Hampshire at that time, the other contains some of the records of his financial transactions, most notably those involving railway shares. There are also some more miscellaneous items.
Shortt, E. (1862-1935)
2 'press cutting books'
The papers consist of two ‘Press cutting’ books containing cuttings and letters relating to the career of Edward Shortt. Most of the letters and papers are of biographical interest rather than political significance. Press cutting book 2 contains a great deal of newspaper material relating to Shortt’s later career, especially as the first British film censor. There is unfortunately little material relevant to his work in Ireland or as a Lloyd George liberal. The actual papers reside with his family, the transcripts which are in Nuffield College Library were donated by the Department of History at the University of Bristol in 1971.
This is a collection of various small but significant archive collections held at Nuffield College Library. All collections which are less than 5 boxes in size are added to the Small Collection handlist and are shelved at the beginning of the Archive.
Smillie, R. (1857-1940) (in small collection)
This small collection contains three bound xerox prints of the Larkhall Miners Association Minute Books and a foolscap notebook containing some mine inspection notes dated from 1906.
Tanner, F.J.S. (1889-1965)
This collection of papers of Frederick John Shirley Tanner contains material on the National Minority Movement (1928-1931), London Industrial Council, Meerut prisoner’s case & T.U.C. and the General Strike, (1926-1933), Friends of Soviet Russia, London Engineering Joint Trades Committee, A.E.U. & E.T.U., (1919-1930), Metal workers, Syndicalism & conferences (1920-1921) and National Metalworkers’ Minority Movement, Second Congress of the Communist International Report, Industrial Workers of the World & anti-militarism etc., (1909-1941).
This is a collection of material dating from the 1930s to the early 1980s and consists of internal bulletins, conference and committee papers, campaign material and correspondence. The main parties covered in the material are the Socialist Workers’ Party (USA), Socialist Workers’ Group, Revolutionary Workers’ League: USA, the Revolutionary Communist Party, the International Socialists and Workers Socialist League. There is also material from various publications, including the ‘Socialist review’, ‘Workers’ international news’ and the journal ‘International socialism’. At the end of the collection is a miscellaneous collection of European, non-European and British newspapers from the same time period.
University of Oxford Commission of Inquiry (1964-1965)
(Franks Commission) (in small collection)
This collection consists of the written and oral evidence presented to the Commission.
Wakeham Papers see Royal Commission on the Reform of the House of Lords
Williams, P.M. (1920-1984)
The papers in this collection reflect all aspects of Philip Maynard Williams's life to a limited extent, although there is very little indeed related to his particular study of French politics and virtually nothing on his connection with American universities. His involvement in British politics is better represented, for example his contribution as one of the group of academics who supported Hugh Gaitskell in the Campaign for Democratic Socialism and his similar role during the creation of the Social Democratic Party. There is also material from his days as an undergraduate, in the army, correspondence about/with Tony Crosland and his involvement in university politics after the publication of the report of the Hart Committee on Relations with Junior Members. The structure of this collection is to a large extent chronological, the seventeen boxes of papers being arranged in five sections.