From 1986 to 2010 the United States undertook a massive militarization of the Mexico-US border in an effort to reduce undocumented migration. In the end the policy not only failed, but backfired. Despite spending more than 35 billion dollars on border enforcement, the undocumented population grew from 2 million to 12 million. An analysis of data from the Mexican Migration Project explains how and why this counterproductive outcome occurred, despite repeated warnings by analysts as the fiasco was unfolding.
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