People Feature

Julia Carver

DPhil in International Relations

I am a DPhil candidate in International Relations, under the supervision of Dr Robert Johnson and Professor Dominic Johnson. My research explores dynamics of foreign policy decision-making towards the cyber and digital domains, including the interplay between geopolitical strategic thought, great power competition, sovereignty, and the development of cybersecurity policy. Informed by my background in political science, my work engages across disciplines (strategic studies, IR, development studies, and political geography) and seeks to understand the evolution of 'cyber-IR' and strategic thinking in the contemporary 'information age'. My research is jointly funded by the Grand Union DTP (Economic and Social Research Council) and Nuffield College. This DPhil project builds upon my studies as an MPhil in the European Politics and Society programme (at Oxford’s DPIR), for which I received a Distinction classification.

Beyond my PhD research, l am a Special (Stipendiary) Lecturer in Politics for Magdalen College, teaching International Relations and the Practice of Politics, and the Content Manager for the European Cyber Conflict Research Initiative. I founded the Cyber Strategy and Tech Statecraft Working Group in 2021, which is still hosted at Nuffield College and led by Elisabeth Siegel.  

Recently, l had the pleasure of attending the European Summer Workshop on the Analysis of Military Operation and Strategy (Euro-SWAMOS) in July 2022, run by the European Initiative for Security Studies and the Hertie Centre for International Security (Berlin). Prior to graduate studies at Oxford, I obtained a BA (Honours with Distinction) in Political Studies and World Language Studies at Queen’s University, in Canada, as the recipient of a major national scholarship and four subject prizes in politics and German language studies.

Julia Carver


Publications, Working Papers, & Written Conference Contributions

Carver, Julia. (2023).‘More bark than bite? European digital sovereignty discourse and changes to the European Union’s external relations policy.’ Special issue in The Journal of European Public Policy.

Carver, Julia. (2024, forthcoming). Book review on Trafficking Data: How China is winning the battle for Digital Sovereignty in The Journal of Development Studies

  • (Draft paper). Carver, Julia. ‘Developing digital ‘peripheries’ for strategic advantage: Geopolitics and progress cyber capacity building assistance in Africa.’ Draft paper. Awarded the ‘Best Paper’ prize at the Hague Conference on International Cyber Security, October 2023 (hosted by the University of Leiden).
  • (Working paper). Carver, Julia. ‘Strategic advantage, private firms, and digital infrastructuring: progress opportunities and challenges for middle powers.’ Working paper.

  • 2019: ‘Zero Tolerance for Gender Considerations: Deconstructing Barriers in Trump’s America’, Politicus Journal (Volume 5, April 2019). Article accessible online:
  • 2018: ‘Ascription, association or animosity? Heating nationalism and cooling regional relations in the post-Soviet space.’ Paper presented at the National Undergraduate European Studies Conference (University of Guelph, Canada). Awarded Honourable Mention for paper and presentation.

Academic Presentations

October 2022 (forthcoming): Panel co-Chair and paper presenter for the panel Weaponizing Interdependence in the Digital Age: Implications for Contemporary and Future Conflicts, together with Scott Singer. For the Netherlands Defence Academy’s The Future of War Conference. Amsterdam, Netherlands.

9th June 2022: Panel co-Chair (and paper presenter) for the panel The EU as a global actor in the age of digitalisation together with Elke Schraik. For the European Consortium for Political Research’s 11th Biennial Conference on the Standing Group on the European Union. Luiss University, Rome, Italy.

25th May 2022: Presenter, ‘Cyber security and cyber defence: Pressing challenges and avenues for future cooperation between NATO and the EU.’ For The Future of NATO Conference, hosted by the Changing Character of War Centre, Pembroke College, University of Oxford, UK. Conference report:

2021-2022: Seminar Lead and Presenter, Cyber Strategy & Information Operations Working Group (CSIO), Nuffield College, University of Oxford. CSIO Presentation titles/dates:

  • 01/06/2022: Chinese tech statecraft in a world of interdependence (together with Oxford China Policy Lab/China Research Group)
  • 25/05/2022: Cyber Strategy in Democratic States 
  • 18/05/2022: AI in War and Conflict (together with Haydn Belfield)
  • 11/05/2022: Cyber- and Space Domain Integration (together with Christopher Morris)
  • 04/05/2022: Operational and Strategic Cyber Activities in Ukraine (together with Christopher Morris)
  • 09/03/2022: Signalling, Shaping, and Coercion in the Cyber Domain (together with Christopher Morris)
  • 23/02/2022: Digital sovereignty and cyber borders
  • 16/02/2022: Cyber-Geopolitics
  • 24/11/2021: Strategic Communications and Countering Disinformation (together with Christopher Morris)
  • 19/11/2021: Disinformation and Information Operations